Step 10

Tips on Home Repair and Maintenance

Once you’ve finally settled in, you may start to view your home with a more objective eye. Perhaps there are things you’d like to change — the kitchen cabinets or the flooring, for instance. Perhaps there are things that require repair or replacement, such as the plumbing or the windows. You will soon realize that maintenance, repair and renovations are a normal part of homeownership.

Do Regular Maintenance and Repair

By doing regular maintenance and taking care of small repairs right away, you’ll avoid more costly repairs down the road.

One of the best things you can do is get to know your new home. Here are some things you need to know:

* Your home is made up of various components that work together. These include mechanical systems (heating, air conditioning and ventilation) and the building envelope (foundations, floors, walls, windows, doors and roof ).
* You need to learn enough about the major mechanical systems of your home to be able to perform routine maintenance and handle various emergencies.


Every adult member of your household should know the location of and how to operate the following:

  • Main shutoff valves for water and fuel (oil or natural gas);
  • Emergency switch for the furnace or burner;
  • Hot water heater thermostat and breaker;
  • Main electrical switch;
  • Fuse box or circuit breaker box.

* Renovations targeted at increasing energy-efficiency may affect appliances venting by a chimney. Check chimney performance if you tighten the envelope or add exhaust fans.

Remember that homes, like people, get old. It’s a good idea to inspect your home regularly and replace or repair parts and materials that wear out with use and time. And remember that since different components of your home work together and affect each other, minor repairs can quickly become major ones if they are not immediately taken care of.

You will probably be able to do many of the repairs yourself. However, if you feel you cannot handle the job on your own, it is best to call an expert. No matter who carries out the repair, remember that the work has to be well done. Bad materials and poor workmanship will end up costing you more in the end. Don’t forget to keep records of any repairs and improvements you make.
Home Improvements

Besides doing regular maintenance and repairing your home, you will also want to consider renovating or making improvements. These changes will not only make the home more pleasant for you to live in, they may also increase its value.

Change is good but be careful not to go overboard unless you plan to stay in your home for many years. If you are planning to sell your house, you also have to ensure that the changes don’t make your home worth a lot more than the other homes around you. Remember that the value of your home is closely related to the other homes in your area.

Here are some things to keep in mind when planning a change or renovation:

  • Think about how changes would appeal to someone buying your home in the future. You can make very personalized changes with paint because it is inexpensive and can easily be changed. However, things like flooring, cabinets and countertops have a longer life — make choices that will also be appealing to others.
  • Think about getting your home energy-rated. This will tell you how energy efficient your home is and what improvements are possible. Visit the Natural Resources Canada Office of Energy Efficiency at to learn more about the ecoENERGY Retrofit program.
  • Updating the bathrooms and kitchens in an older home can increase its resale value.
  • Don’t underestimate the importance of landscaping. The right planting can improve the appearance and value of your home.
  • Updating your exterior paint, installing new roofing, resurfacing your walkways and driveway, adding attractive mailboxes and front-yard planting will also help make your home more appealing.
  • Over time, some renovations can practically pay for themselves, especially if they result in savings on utility bills, a higher selling price or years of greater comfort and enjoyment in your home!

Make Sure Your Home is Fully Secure

  • Change all the locks when you buy a new home.
  • Add dead-bolt locks and window locks where necessary.
  • Consider getting a security system. Your property insurance rate may be lower if you have one.
  • Get fire extinguishers for each floor in the house.
  • When you are away from home, use lights and radios on automatic timers and arrange to have your mail and newspapers picked up or discontinued. This way, people won’t be able to tell that you are not home.
  • Get to know your neighbours and keep an eye out for each other.

Be Prepared and Stay Safe

Have a fire evacuation plan and make sure everyone in your home knows how to get out of the home from each room in case of a fire. If you have a second floor, you need a special escape plan to get to the ground. Check to see that windows have not been painted shut. Although doors and windows should always be securely locked, you have to be able to open them in an emergency.

A few tips:

Fire extinguishers must be easily accessible at all times. If you have a twostorey home, there should be one on each floor. Remember to check your fire extinguishers at least once a year, and to replace them if they are 10 years old or older. To help you remember, make a habit of doing it when you set your clocks to Daylight Saving Time.

In some areas, it is a legal requirement to have smoke alarms in your home. Even if it is not a legal requirement, you will still want them in your home. Check the batteries at least once a year. Carbon monoxide detectors are also important to have. They will let you know if there are high levels of carbon monoxide in your home and can save you from illness or death. To make sure that they are working properly, check them at least once a year. It is a good idea to make a habit of checking your fire extinguishers, smoke and carbon monoxide detectors at the same time.

Paper, paint, chemicals and other clutter can be a fire hazard. Make sure they are stored in a safe place. If you no longer need them, hazardous materials must be disposed of at a community toxic waste center. Never put them in the garbage.

Collect your important papers and store them in a safe place — for example, a fireproof box or a safety deposit box.

Keep a list of emergency phone numbers (including 911, poison prevention line, doctors, relatives, neighbours and friends) close to the phone and make sure your children are aware of it.


Maintenance Calendar



  • Clean or replace furnace filter
  • Check/clean heat recovery ventilator (HRV); wash or replace filter
  • Ensure that air intakes, exhausts and meters are clear of snow
  • Clean humidifier
  • Clean range hood filter
  • Check and fill basement floor drain
  • Clean or replace furnace filter
  • Check/clean HRV; wash or replace filter
  • Clean humidifier and turn it off
  • Check sump pump
  • Check gutters and downspouts and clean if needed
  • Inspect air conditioning; service as needed (usually every two or three years)
  • Inspect basement or crawl space for signs of seepage/leakage
  • Open vents to outdoor crawlspaces
  • Ensure that ground slopes away from foundation wall
  • Open outside hose connection
  • Clean windows, screens and hardware; install screens
  • Check that air intake and exhausts are clear of debris, nests, etc.
  • Clean range hood filter
  • You can turn off your HRV if your windows are mostly open in the summer; if you have air conditioning and keep your windows mostly closed you can keep it running
  • Undertake spring landscape maintenance; fertilize young trees
  • Use dehumidifier in damp basements
  • For central air conditioning; clean filter in air handling unit
  • Check exterior finishes
  • Check exterior wood for deterioration
  • Check caulking and weather-stripping around windows, including around entry door from garage and home
  • Check basement floor drainage trap; replenish with water if needed
  • Have furnace/heating system serviced (every two years for an electric furnace)
  • Check fireplace and chimney; service or clean if needed
  • Clean range hood filter
  • Clean leaves out of eavesthroughs
  • Check roofing and flashing for signs of wear or damage
  • Close outside hose connection
  • Close windows, skylights
  • Clean and reactivate HRV, if it was turned off
  • Winterize landscaping
  • Clean or replace furnace filter
  • Check/clean heat recovery ventilator; wash or replace filter
  • Clean humidifier and turn it on (if needed)
  • Check exhaust fans
  • Ensure gas valve is clear of ice and snow
  • Test space heating system
  • Close vents to crawl spaces
  • Check and clean furnace
  • Dust or vacuum electric baseboards
  • Vacuum ducts behind warm air and return air grilles
  • Test plumbing shut-off valves to ensure they are working
  • Test pressure relief valve on hot water tank; drain water from tank
  • Do safety checks: smoke alarm, fire escape routes, fire extinguisher, door and window locks
  • Check and, if needed, oil door hinges
  • L ubricate garage door motor, chain, etc.
  • Check attic for signs of moisture in summer or fall
  • Check septic system; clean if needed (usually about every three years)
Every 2-5 Years
  • Check and repair driveway cracks
  • Check and repair the chimney cap and the caulking between the cap and chimney, recaulk as necessary
  • Refinish wood surfaces, including window frames and doors

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